The following manuals are intended as a resource for researchers and captive care specialists.
Please note that anteaters, sloths and armadillos are wild animals and should NOT be kept as pets. Many of them are protected by national and international laws, including the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

download manuals below

Handbook of sloth husbandry, medicine and rehabilitation (in Spanish)

The objective of working together in Latin America should be to share experiences in the controlled Zoological conditions do little to improve the status of zoological medicine in the field.

By publishing and distributing this handbook at no cost, Drs Camila Dünner Oliger and Gabriel Pastor Nicolai join a small and select group of Xenarthra contributors and researchers, those who truly contribute and advance zoological medicine without self-aggrandizement or self-interest.

The handbook has the following chapters: Taxonomy and distribution, anatomy and biology, rehabilitation, husbandry, nutrition, anesthesia, preventive medicine, hematology, clinical pathology, diseases, and therapeutics. The chapters are easy to read and present critical information in a direct and practical manner. Clinicians using this handbook will find it essential when working with these challenging species.

Dünner Oliger, C. & G. Pastor Nicolai (2017): Manual de manejo, medicina y rehabilitación de perezosos. Fundación Huálamo, Chile. 154 pp.

Biology and Maintenance of armadillos

Mariella Superina´s armadillo dissertation contains basic information as well as recommendations for the captive maintenance of armadillos. Unfortunately, the complete version is only available in German.

Manual on the rehabilitation of the anteaters of Colombia (in Spanish)

Four anteater species can be found in Colombia: the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the northern tamandua (Tamandua mexicana), the southern tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla), and the silky anteater (Cyclopes didactylus).

“The Manual on the rehabilitation of anteaters of Colombia”; (Manual de Rehabilitación de Hormigueros de Colombia) is designed to guide professionals who are faced daily with the challenges of maintaining and rehabilitating anteaters. It has been developed by veterinarians, animal management specialists, biologists, ecologists, and engineers from Colombia, Peru, Argentina, Brazil and the United States. Among other things, its 156 pages include information about legislation, ethics, taxonomy, management, anesthesia, nutrition, neonatology, clinical pathology, quarantine, rehabilitation, habitat, monitoring, environmental education, conservation.

The manual was edited by Cesar Rojano, Laura Miranda and Renzo Ávila. It is an initiative of the Giant anteater conservation project (Proyecto de Conservación del Oso Palmero) in Casanare department, Colombia, which is being carried out by Fundación Cunaguaro and Geopark Colombia S.A.S. Many thanks to the authors for sharing this important source of  information!

Armadillos of the eastern floodplains of Colombia (in Spanish)

Armadillos de los Llanos Orientales is a very attractive popular book in Spanish, edited by Fernando Trujillo and Mariella Superina, which addresses one of the fundamental problems that armadillos are facing: the vast majority of the public is unaware of their existence; let alone their ecological niche or conservation situation. In a clear and simple language, and with abundant illustrations, the reader is introduced to the fascinating world of armadillos throughout its 176 pages. 

Armadillos de los Llanos Orientales is part of the educational strategy of the Program for the Conservation and Management of the Armadillos of the Eastern Llanos of Colombia. This program, not only the first at the national level, but also one of the most promising in the Americas, was initiated in 2012 as a joint effort between the private sector, academia, government, and community. It is currently composed of the private firm Oleoducto de los Llanos (ODL), Fundación Omacha, Bioparque Los Ocarros, and the environmental corporations Cormacarena and Corporinoquia. The program seeks to make a significant and sustainable contribution to wildlife by preserving a flagship species of the Llanos through education and by raising awareness among its inhabitants, among others.

Copyright: © 2013 Oleoducto de los Llanos Orientales and others. Reproduction of this publication is permitted without prior written consent of the copyright holder for educational or other non-commercial purposes only, provided that the source is cited. Reproduction of this publication for resale or other commercial purposes is prohibited without the prior written consent of the copyright holder. Citation: Trujillo, F. and M. Superina (editors). 2013. Armadillos de los Llanos Orientales. Fundación Omacha, ODL, Corporinoquia, Cormacarena, Bioparque los Ocarros, Corpometa. Bogotá. 176 pages.
ISBN: 978-958-8554-31-0 Impresión Unión Gráfica Ltda.

Manual on the maintenance and rehabilitation of armadillos (in Spanish)

The handling, transport and rehabilitation of armadillos is not an easy task. This manual on the maintenance and rehabilitation of armadillos seeks to explain how to transport, evaluate, treat, keep and, if possible, release these wonderful animals into the ecosystems they naturally inhabit. This initiative is part of the armadillo conservation program in the Llanos of Colombia, which is a joint effort of Cormacarena, Corporinoquia, ODL, Bioparque Los Ocarros, Corpometa and Fundación Omacha.

The manual consolidates information generated by the armadillo program, the extensive knowledge of its editors Mariella Superina, Claudia Brieva, Roberto Aguilar and Fernando Trujillo, as well as previous experiences made by Cormacarena, Corpometa and Bioparque Los Ocarros.